The purpose of this 174-page review is to produce an overview of research articles that link learning and assessment, to investigate the state of the field and to reignite attention in this important area. The audience for this report is researchers who are interested in the fields of assessment and learning, assessment for learning and international tests. Authors Jo-Anne Baird, Therese N. Hopfenbeck, Paul Newton, Gordon Stobart and Anna T. Steen-Utheimc use a narrative review method, though support this with systematic searches on assessment for learning and international tests. This research was sponsored by the Norwegian Knowledge Centre for Education.