This document is one of several new Web-based
resources called NAFSA e-Publications. E-Publications offer special features
including Web pages, downloadable and printable PDFs, and customized
Each of the updated country publications provides lists of
credentials and other data that can be used to help determine placement
recommendations and possibility of transfer credit both for undergraduate and
graduate admissions. These updates do not replace either of the
original publications, which cover and should be used for credentials
issued prior to 1999.
by many authors using a standardized template, minor style variations among
the updates do occur. "Advice for admissions officers" is not provided.
Subjective interpretation has been avoided, relying instead on objective
data. These updates must be used in conjunction with other resources to
determine actual placement recommendations and possibility of transfer
Questions about credentials can be posted in International
Enrollment Management discussion forum.
More countries will be added as they become available.
are to PDFs
* Indicates update in 2016