Resources for International Recruiting

International recruiting is an activity with broad appeal to U.S. educational institutions. Among its many benefits are internationalization of the campus and curriculum in an increasingly interdependent world, and increased revenues for the institution. Recruiting can be approached in a variety of ways, from employing strategies that do not require you to leave campus (frequently referred to as "armchair recruitment"), to traveling abroad to recruit students, develop contacts, and work with a variety of international constituents. Which approach you choose will depend on the particulars of your institution and the outcomes you seek.


This internet resource on international recruiting was developed by Bob Hunter from Technical Career Institutes with assistance from Nancy Maly and Tom LePere from ECIS North America under the auspices of NAFSA's former Admissions Section (ADSEC) Team. It is designed to assist in developing or refining international recruitment programs and strategies. Our hope is that it assists you and your institution in meeting your goals.

You are also invited to suggest additions to this resource. It will only be as complete and as useful as possible with your assistance. If you have suggestions for material that should be added to this resource, please contact the Network Manager.

Those institutions with serious interest in creating or improving their international recruiting programs will also want to consider purchasing NAFSA's Guide to International Student Recruitment. It is a cohesive and well-organized guide to international recruitment and developing an effective international admissions program. Topics covered include effective publicity, ethics, credential evaluation, overseas networks, and working with third-party representatives. Authored, edited, and reviewed by leaders in international recruiting today, this volume effectively shares their collective wisdom and is a must-have for any international admissions program.

Student Mobility Patterns and Resources for Global Education Statistics

Open Doors
An Institute of International Education (IIE) sponsored site which complements their Open Doors Publication detailing international student enrollment data in the United States. Included are the latest student inflow data, and a library of commentaries from leading thinkers in international education.

Department of Homeland Security Office of Immigration Statistics
Statistics on a variety of topics. On the main site you will also find a wealth of good information on immigration regulations.

UNESCO Institute for Statistics
The site includes information on various indicators in education (access, participation in education, enrollment, literacy rates, etc.), organized by country.

United States Agency for International Development Global Education (USAID)
A database of educational and socio-economic indicators indexed by country.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Information on educational and socio-economic indicators in OECD countries. Also available is information on ordering some useful OECD publications.

Ethics in International Student Recruitment

NAFSA: Association of International Educators (NAFSA)
NAFSA's Code of Ethics for members provides a detailed outline for ethical behavior in international education.

International Mission Statements

Mission statements are a way of identifying priorities and garnering support for international education endeavors by putting goals and outcomes in writing. International programs and admissions concerns are best served when there is an institution-wide commitment and when that commitment is reflected in the institution's mission. Defining your mission as it pertains to international education, at whatever level possible, is a move in the right direction.

Building International Credential Evaluation Expertise

Evaluating Foreign Credentials In-House

NAFSA: Association of International Educators Conferences and Workshops
NAFSA provides numerous opportunities for training through national and regional conference sessions and workshops, the Management Development Program (MDP), and other workshops and travel opportunities.

American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO)
Information on national and regional conferences, including sessions and workshops.
In addition, the Summer Institute on International Admissions provides an intensive orientation to credential evaluation coupled with a unique opportunity to meet with a variety of overseas counselors and advisers.

National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC)
National and regional conferences and professional development opportunities are offered on an ongoing basis.

World Education Services (WES) Workshop Series
Workshops on credential evaluation methods, country specific presentations, and international student recruitment.

Building a Resource Library

Admissions Bibliography
NAFSA's former Admissions Section (ADSEC) created and has supported the ongoing revision of this bibliography. Included are resources you can purchase to assist in the evaluation foreign educational credentials, and online resources. A useful guide in the bibliography will assist you in identifying essential resources to get started.

Admissions Internet Resources
Excellent compilations of online resources organized by country, with links to information on educational systems, ministries of education, and specific institutions and organizations.

ECE Publications
A series of publications created by Educational Credential Evaluators (ECE) as an extension of their ongoing research and to support other professionals in the field of foreign credential evaluation.

ECE Electronic Newsletter
Subscribe to this email newsletter where the staff at ECE share their research with others in the field of foreign credential evaluation. Previous newsletters are also archived on the ECE website and can be searched by country.
World Education Services World Education News and Reviews (WENR)
WENR is World Education Services' free and searchable online newsletter with updates on foreign systems of education and trends in international education. Archived newsletters currently go back to 1998.

Electronic Discussion Lists

NAFSA Marketing and Recruiting Network Discussion Forums
Forums provide an opportunity for international education professionals to share knowledge about specific areas of marketing and recruiting. There are discussion forums throughout the NAFSA Networks for various areas of the profession.

Discussion group for those involved in international education and international educational exchange.

Outsourcing Foreign Credential Evaluations

The function of a foreign credential evaluation service is to provide an evaluation judgment that makes the foreign education completed by an applicant understandable in U.S. terms, so that interested campus constituents can assess that applicant's foreign educational background appropriately. The institution makes the admission decisions. An institution that actively recruits abroad will benefit from having admissions professionals with knowledge of foreign credentials on staff.

NAFSA's Guide to Selecting a Foreign Credential Evaluation Service
This document was created by NAFSA's former ADSEC Team at the request of NAFSA to provide guidance to admissions professionals who are considering outsourcing the evaluation of foreign academic records to a foreign credential evaluation service or individual.

National Association of Credential Evaluation Services (NACES)
NACES was the first association of foreign credential evaluation services. Established in 1987 by a group of foreign educational credential evaluation services, it is a private membership association committed to formulating and maintaining ethical standards in the field of foreign credential evaluation.

Association of International Credential Evaluators, Inc. (AICE)
The Association of International Credential Evaluators, Inc. (AICE) is a not-for-profit private membership association of foreign educational credentials evaluation entities to fill the need for an inclusive professional organization in the field of applied comparative education.

Understanding Immigration Regulations

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
The USCIS is responsible for the administration of immigration and naturalization adjudication functions and establishing immigration services policies and priorities.

NAFSA's Adviser's Manual of Federal Regulations Affecting Foreign Students
This manual contains over 1300 pages of information-packed pages, divided into chapters that cover the wide range of immigration topics that an institution might encounter, as well as structural chapters that describe how the U.S. immigration system works.

NAFSA's Knowledge Community for International Student and Scholar Services
Information on resources and training opportunities in the various aspects of international student and scholar advising.

Armchair Recruitment

There are many ways to recruit international students without having to leave campus. A good way to begin is by developing a mailing list of advising sites where prospective international students and those who advise them will receive information from you and have every opportunity to learn about your institution.

International School Services Directory of Overseas Schools
A comprehensive guide to U.S. and international schools around the globe, with over 500 individual listings.
A website for the Washington, D.C. foreign embassy community. Contains links to various embassy websites and other contact information, information on foreign travel, and other useful information.

Directory and search engine of the world's embassies and consulates.

Fulbright Commission Offices
Fulbright binational commissions are non-profit organizations established to oversee the Fulbright Program abroad. Many of them are funded jointly by the United States and the host government. In a country without a commission, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy develops and supervises the Fulbright Program.

Institute of International Education (IIE) Regional Centers
Regional centers share international education resources with students, academics, corporate leaders, international visitors, and schools across the United States. They also raise scholarship funds, conduct educational programs, and arrange activities and home hospitality for students on IIE-administered programs in their regions.

Institute of International Education (IIE) International Centers
International centers provide a variety of services including advising, and testing and training support to students and professionals from the U.S. and around the world.

America-Mideast Educational & Training Services Office (AMIDEAST)
AMIDEAST is a private, not-for-profit organization working to strengthen mutual understanding and cooperation between U.S. Citizens and the people of the Middle East and North Africa. AMIDEAST has publications that assist in the evaluation of education credentials from the region and advising offices in approximately 20 locations throughout the Middle East.

Department of Defense Schools (DoDs)
While DoDs may not be the first thing that comes to mind when most people think of international recruiting, these schools should not be overlooked. DoDs students and counselors have an international perspective and appreciate learning about higher education opportunities Stateside.

Provides a good understanding of OSEAS-Europe with contact information for each advising center. If you go to Internet Resources in Educational Advising, you will find an amazing page of links to information also helpful to international admission professionals.

American and International School Organizations and Links

Association of 300+ boarding schools in the U.S. and abroad. U.S. boarding schools should not be overlooked as a source for international student enrollments.

Association for over 1,100 independent (private) schools in the United States and abroad.

ESL & English Language Proficiency

English Language Proficiency Assessments

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
Detailed information on TOEFL for students and institutions. Includes access to TOEFL research data, study guides and tutorials, TOEFL administration dates and locations, etc.

English Language Placement Test
An alternative ESL assessment for international students of non-native English speakers currently in the U.S.

International English Language Testing System (IELTS)
A joint venture of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate and the British Council (UK), and IDP Education Australia. Widely recognized in the UK and Australia and gaining recognition in the U.S.

Cambridge EFL (English as a Foreign Language Exams)
Part of the University of Cambridge Local Examinations syndicate (UCLES).

ESL Organizations and Associations

ESL programs, especially non-institution-based programs, can be a great place to recruit international students for universities and graduate schools. Many ESL programs maintain collections of college catalogs and materials from their students, and have advisers to assist students in the college selection process.

American Association of Intensive English Programs (AAIEP)
An organization of IEP programs and directors with links to member programs and a search for prospective ESL students.

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)
TESOL's mission is to develop the expertise of its members and others involved in teaching English to speakers of other languages to help them foster effective communication in diverse settings while respecting individuals' language rights.

University and College Intensive English Programs (UCIEP)
Site for a consortium of university- and college-based intensive English programs in the United States.

Useful "Travel Preparation" Sites

World Climate
Weather and climate information from around the world.

Earth Calendar
Calendars of holidays and celebrations around the world. An excellent tool for planning international recruiting travel.

United States Department of State Bureau of Consular Affairs
International travel tips and publications, and U.S. Department of State-issued Travel Advisories.