U.S. Immigration Systems, Data, Status, and Concepts

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The Congressional Review Act

Under the Congressional Review Act (CRA), Congress can review and overturn certain regulations promulgated by an executive agency, such as the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Labor, the Department of State, etc. Congress can use the CRA only to invalidate an agency final rule in
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USCIS Funding Challenges During COVID-19 Pandemic

News outlets report that U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is facing a budget shortfall that may result in furloughs of USCIS staff, which in turn would affect the agency's ability to timely adjudicate benefit requests. The following articles illustrate the issue. CBS News. Thousands
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USCIS Policy Manual

The USCIS Policy Manual is the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service's (USCIS) "centralized online repository for USCIS’ immigration policies," that will ultimately replace other USCIS policy repositories. Access the USCIS Policy Manual Update (May 22, 2020). USCIS has removed all Adjudicator's
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Presidential Proclamation 9945

Under Presidential Proclamation 9945, Suspension of Entry of Immigrants Who Will Financially Burden the United States Healthcare System (PP 9945), effective November 3, 2019 applicants for immigrant visas must show to the satisfaction of a consular officer, before an immigrant visa is issued, that
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Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019

Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019 CRS Summary of version of H.R. 1044 passed by the House (07/10/2019): This bill increases the per-country cap on family-based immigrant visas from 7% of the total number of such visas available that year to 15%, and eliminates the 7% cap for
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Final Rules on Public Charge Determinations

Updates: On March 14, 2020, USCIS placed a Coronavirus alert on its public charge page, that begins: "USCIS encourages all those, including aliens, with symptoms that resemble Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) (fever, cough, shortness of breath) to seek necessary medical treatment or preventive
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DHS Expands Expedited Removal Policy

Update: On September 27, 2019, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia granted a nationwide preliminary injunction that blocks DHS from implementing the expanded expedited removal policy that DHS sought to implement in its July 23, 2019 policy notice. Read the Court's
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