U.S. Immigration Systems, Data, Status, and Concepts

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The Congressional Review Act

Under the Congressional Review Act (CRA), Congress can review and overturn certain regulations promulgated by an executive agency, such as the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Labor, the Department of State, etc. Congress can use the CRA only to invalidate an agency final rule in
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USCIS Funding Challenges During COVID-19 Pandemic

On June 25, 2020, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) published a statement describing "the agency’s fiscal outlook due to the COVID-19 pandemic." USCIS said that unless Congress acts on the agency's request for $1.2 billion in emergency funding before August 3, 2020, it "will need to
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USCIS Policy Manual

The USCIS Policy Manual is the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service's (USCIS) "centralized online repository for USCIS’ immigration policies," that will ultimately replace other USCIS policy repositories. Access the USCIS Policy Manual Update (May 22, 2020). USCIS has removed all Adjudicator's
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Presidential Proclamation 9945

Under Presidential Proclamation 9945 of October 4, 2019, Suspension of Entry of Immigrants Who Will Financially Burden the United States Healthcare System (PP 9945), effective November 3, 2019 applicants for immigrant visas must show to the satisfaction of a consular officer, before an immigrant
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Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019

Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019 CRS Summary of version of H.R. 1044 passed by the House (07/10/2019): This bill increases the per-country cap on family-based immigrant visas from 7% of the total number of such visas available that year to 15%, and eliminates the 7% cap for
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Final Rules on Public Charge Determinations

Updates: On July 29, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York issued two nationwide preliminary injunctions that block implementation and enforcement of the current USCIS and DOS public charge rules and policies during the declared national emergency in response to the
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DHS Expands Expedited Removal Policy

Update: On September 27, 2019, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia granted a nationwide preliminary injunction that blocks DHS from implementing the expanded expedited removal policy that DHS sought to implement in its July 23, 2019 policy notice. Read the Court's
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