The Biometric Visa Program, which began as a pilot on September 22, 2003, became permanent on October 24, 2004 the DOS announced in a December 30, 2004 Federal Register notice. DOS now only issues visas that are machine-readable, tamper-resistant, and that use biometric identifiers. The biometric identifiers include digital fingerprints of the left and right index finger and a digital photograph of the visa holder. Biometrics in visas were required by the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002 (AMDOC# 200206019). [69 Fed. Reg. 78515 (December 30, 2004)]. AMDOC#: 200412016