On June 27, 2002 the Department of State (DOS) proposed amending the Exchange Visitor Program's Professor and Research Scholar regulations to extend maximum program participation from three years to five years. These five years would include any time the exchange visitor spends outside the U.S. within their stay. It would also eliminate program extensions past the five years. DOS also proposed subjecting repeat program participation to a two-year bar. [67 FR 43264 (June 27, 2002)]